Yellow Loosestrife

Yellow_Loosestrife_jpgThis family Primulacea commonly called the Primrose family consists of 22 genera and 800 species of herbs and half-shrubs found chiefly in temperate and cold regions of the Northern Hemisphere and in tropical mountains.  Some members of the family are cultivated as garden and house ornamentals, including species of Primula and Cyclamen.   The name Primrose is from the Middle Englishprimerose, ultimately from the Medieval Latin prima rosa (first rose). This genus of plants, (Lysimachia), took their name from a capacity to appease the strife and unruliness of oxen at the plough.  When these plants were placed on the yokes, the animals remain calm.  The name Lysimachia is derived from either lusimakhos,“ending strife” or Lysimakhos, king of Thrace.

OtherCommonName:

ScientificName:

Lysimachia terrestris

Community:

Freshwater Wetlands

PlantStatus:

Native

LifeSpan:

Perennial

PlantHeight:

15 to 50 inches

FruitingTime:

August to October

Distribution:

Statewide in New Jersey

FloweringTime:

Mid June to July

IdentifyingCharacteristics:

Erect stem from stoloniform rhizome (underground stem), smooth, without hairs ~ Leaves opposite, narrow lance shaped ~ Many flowers in bracts, yellow petals