Wild Black Cherry

Wild_Black_Cherry_jpgThis family (Rosaceae) commonly called the Rose Family consists of 107 genera and 3,100 species of herbs, shrubs and trees.  The family is of great economic importance, providing fruits (such as apples, cherries, plums, peaches, raspberries and strawberries) and numerous ornamentals. The fruit of the Wild Black Cherry is edible when fully ripe and is used to make jam and wine. The bark has astringent, antitussive and sedative properties.  Preparations are used to treat cough, bronchitis and whooping cough as well as nervous digestive disorders and diarrhea. The berry has been used to prepare a dark purple dye.Wood from the Wild Black Cherry is useful for cabinet work and other wood crafts.

 

OtherCommonName:

Rum Cherry, Choke Cherry

ScientificName:

Prunus Serotina

Community:

Thicket

PlantStatus:

Native

LifeSpan:

Perennial

PlantHeight:

Tree to 75 feet

FruitingTime:

Late July to late August

Distribution:

Nova Scotia to Florida and Central America ~ Statewide in NJ

FloweringTime:

Mid May to June

IdentifyingCharacteristics:

Bark aromatic, breaking up into small plates, appears scaly or rough ~ Leaves firm, lance shaped to oblong ~ Fruit dark purple or black