This family (Rosaceae) commonly called the Rose Family consists of 107 genera and 3,100 species of herbs, shrubs and trees. The family is of great economic importance, providing fruits (such as apples, cherries, plums, peaches, raspberries and strawberries) and numerous ornamentals. The fruit of the Wild Black Cherry is edible when fully ripe and is used to make jam and wine. The bark has astringent, antitussive and sedative properties. Preparations are used to treat cough, bronchitis and whooping cough as well as nervous digestive disorders and diarrhea. The berry has been used to prepare a dark purple dye.Wood from the Wild Black Cherry is useful for cabinet work and other wood crafts.