Upright Brome

Upright_Brome_jpgThe Poaceae family is commonly called the grass family.  This genusBromus is the Greek name for Oat.  The species racemous  refers to the arrangement of the flowers as “racemes”. There are 36 bromegrasses or bromes in the United States—about half the number in the world.  The genus is best represented in the Far West on open ranges.  A few species of bromegrasses are annuals and are known as “Chess” or “Cheat”.  Another common name of Upright Brome is Hairy Chess. Upright Brome is a weed of sterile soils, banks, ledges, fields and waste ground. The good sized seeds are eaten by waterfowl, upland gamebirds, songbirds and small mammals.  The leaves or other parts of the plants are consumed by game mammals and hoofed browsers, especially while the plant is young.

OtherCommonName:

Hairy Chess, Upright Chess

ScientificName:

Bromus racemosus

Community:

Edge

PlantStatus:

Naturalized from Europe

LifeSpan:

Annual

PlantHeight:

12 to 40 inches

FruitingTime:

Late May to June, some fruit persists to August or latter

Distribution:

Nova Scotia to Kentucky west to Kansas ~ Statewide outside Pine Barrens in New Jersey

FloweringTime:

Late May to June

IdentifyingCharacteristics:

Sheaths hairy ~ Blades hairy, narrow, ascending branches ~ Elongated flower on single stalks that branch off larger stalks, 6-10 flowers on a stalk