Tooth-Leaved Croton

Tooth-leaved_Croton_jpgThis large family (Euphorbiaceae) commonly called the Spurge Family consists of 321 genera and 7,950 species of herbs, shrubs, and trees found mostly in tropical and subtropical regions.  A family members (Hevea brasiliensis) supplies most of the world’s rubber. The family also includes poinsettia, castor bean, croton, Mexican jumping beans. Euphorbus was the Greek Physician of King Juba of Numidia, a Roman province in North Africa.  Spurge is derived from Old French espurgier–to purge. Tooth-Leaved Croton, and other members of this family, are abundant weeds in lawns and gardens. The genus name Croton is from the Greek meaning a “tick”, from the similarity of the seed to a tick.  This speciesglandulosus is named for the large glands found at the end of the leaf-stalk.

OtherCommonName:

Glandular Croton

ScientificName:

Croton glandulosus

Community:

Edge

PlantStatus:

Native

LifeSpan:

Annual

PlantHeight:

8 to 24 inches

FruitingTime:

August to September

Distribution:

Throughout the Coastal Plain and north to Hunterdon County in New Jersey

FloweringTime:

Late July to August

IdentifyingCharacteristics:

Leaves narrow, oblong, alternate, coarsely serrated with 1 or 2 large glands at the summit of the leaf-stalk ~ Small flower borne in condensed spike-like terminal groups