The genus Phleum is Greek for reed. Timothy is the principal hay crop in the broad agricultural belt from New York to Iowa. Timothy is raised in may other parts of the country, but not so abundantly. Wherever this grass is raised as a farm crop, it is useful as escape cover—not only in hay fields but also along fence rows and roads. Songbirds, upland game birds, and small mammals feed on the seeds of roadside and fence row timothy. Browsers, such as deer, feed on the plants. An Alpine species (Phleum alpinum) occurs in the mountains of the Western US, but its usefulness to wildlife is very limited.