Tall Goldenrod

Tall GoldenrodThis large family (Asteraceae), commonly called the Aster Family, consists of 1,314 genera and 21,000 species of herbs, shrubs, climbers and a few trees is found chiefly in temperate and subtropical regions.  The plants are of value to man as ornamentals; a few are insecticides and fish poisons. In British folklore, goldenrod is both a healing herb and a sign of wealth.  This plant was said to point the way toward hidden gold and hidden springs. Goldenrod also reduced inflammation and pain that accompanied bladder or urinary tract infections. In Germany, goldenrod received official recognition for its effectiveness in getting rid of kidney stones. Herbalist John Gerard wrote in 1597 that “goldenrod is extolled above all other herbs for the stopping of bloud in bleeding wounds”. Goldenrod has been recognized as an antioxidant, diuretic, and astringent.  It has been used to treat nephritis, cystitis and bladder stones; sore throat, chronic nasal congestion, gastroenteritis, and as a mouthwash. Contrary to popular belief, insect-pollinated goldenrods are not a cause of seasonal allergies.  Ragweed, which blooms at the same time as the goldenrod produces airborne pollen and is the real culprit.

OtherCommonName:

Canada Goldenrod

ScientificName:

Solidago canadensis var. scabra

Community:

Edge

PlantStatus:

Native

LifeSpan:

Perennial

PlantHeight:

to 28 inches

FruitingTime:

September to late October

Distribution:

Throughout most of the USA and southern Canada ~ Coastal Plain in New Jersey

FloweringTime:

Mid-August to Late October

IdentifyingCharacteristics:

Leaves toothed, numerous, lance shaped tapering at both ends ~ Flowers golden-yellow ~ Rhizomes (underground stems) from which new plants grow