Tall Blackberry

Tall_Blackberry_jpgThe Rosaceae family commonly called the Rose Family consists of 107 genera and 3,100 species of herbs, shrubs and trees; most common in temperate and subtropical regions of the Northern Hemisphere.  The family is of great economic importance, providing us with fruits such as apples, cherries, plums, peaches, raspberries and strawberries and with ornamentals. Plants in this genus, Rubus, are commonly called “Brambles”.  They often have prickles and usually have an edible fruit.  The Latin name rubermeans “red”.  This species, argutus, means “sharply serrate” and refers to the leaves of Tall Blackberry. Tall Blackberry, like other blackberries, can be eaten as a fresh fruit, used to prepare a cold drink or tea.  The fruit can be used to make jelly or jam.  The dried leaves can also be used to make tea and the tender blackberry shoots can be added fresh to salads.

 

OtherCommonName:

Thimbleberry, Southern Blackberry

ScientificName:

Rubus argutus

Community:

Thicket

PlantStatus:

Native

LifeSpan:

Woody Shrub

PlantHeight:

6 feet

FruitingTime:

Late June to mid August

Distribution:

Massachusetts to Florida ~ Scattered throughout Coastal Plain and north to Hunterdon County in New Jersey

FloweringTime:

Mid May to June

IdentifyingCharacteristics:

Stems erect, spreading, hooked prickles, green ~ Flowers white, 5-petaled, long stalk, clusters ~ Fruit juicy, black, 1 cm thick ~ Leaves oblong, less than half as wide as long, coarse teeth