Rough-Fruited Cinquefoil

Rough-fruited_Cinquefoil_jpgThis family (Rosaceae) commonly called the Rose Family consists of 107 genera and 3,100 species of herbs, shrubs and trees.  The family is of great economic importance, providing fruits (apples, cherries, plums, peaches, raspberries and strawberries) and ornamentals (roses). The name “Cinquefoil” is French, cinque for five and foil for leaf–the five-leaflet plant.  An earlier Latin name wasquinquefolium.  Five-fingered grass was an early English nickname. Native Americans prepared plants in this genus (Potentilla) and decoctions (medicine prepared by boiling thick parts of a plant and ingested hot or cold) to treat dysentery and as a mouth-wash.

OtherCommonName:

Little Powerful One, Five-Fingers, Starflower, Sulfur Cinquefoil, Tormentil

ScientificName:

Potentilla recta

Community:

Edge

PlantStatus:

Naturalized Native of Europe

LifeSpan:

Perennial

PlantHeight:

1 to 3 feet

FruitingTime:

Mid-May to September

Distribution:

Newfoundland to Virginia and Tennessee ~ Midwestern states ~ Statewide in NJ

FloweringTime:

May to September

IdentifyingCharacteristics:

Leaves are alternate and in groups of five leaflets arising from a single point, oval, toothed ~ Stem is erect and hairy ~ Flowers with 5 pale yellow petals in clusters