Red Chokeberry

Red_Chokeberry_jpgThis family (Rosaceae) commonly called the Rose Family consists of 2000 species of trees, shrubs, and herbs worldwide;  approximately 77 native and 9 naturalized tree species in North America. Members of this family include serviceberries, hawthorns, apples, plums, cherries and mountain-ashes. The species arbutifolia means “like the leaves of Arbutus”.   Arbutus is an old Latin namear-butus. There are three species of Chokeberries in the USA.  They are of minor importance to wildlife although some upland gamebirds and songbirds feed on them. The fruit of Red Chokeberry is edible to humans but “puckery”, due to its high pectin content.  It makes excellent pies and preserves. Red Chokeberry is found in low woods, thickets, swamps and damp pine-barrens.

OtherCommonName:

ScientificName:

Aronia arbutifolia

Community:

Thicket

PlantStatus:

Native

LifeSpan:

Wood Shrub

PlantHeight:

3 to 8 feet

FruitingTime:

Early September to October

Distribution:

Ontario to Florida ~ Statewide in New Jersey

FloweringTime:

Late April to late May

IdentifyingCharacteristics:

Shrub that can become a slender tree ~ Leaves fine toothed, elliptic, underside hairy ~ Flowers white or pinkish, 5 pedaled ~ Twigs hairy ~ Fruit similar to blueberry in size and shape, inside texture is more like an apple, persists on the shrub through winter