Emily de Camp Herbarium masthead

Island Beach State Park Plant List

Click a name to view the Riker mount specimen. Search this list by pressing Ctrl + F (or Command + F in Safari). (Note: Several links are currently broken. This page is under construction. Please check names against the USDA Plants Database before using in a formal contex.

Edge

Latin Name Common Name Family Name
Aira caryophylleaSilvery Hairgrass,Mouse GrassPoaceae
Amaranthus retroflexusRough Pigweed,Wild Beet, RedrootAmaranthaceae
Bidens bipinnataSpanish Needles,Two TeethAsteraceae
Lepidium virginicumWild Peppergrass,Brassicaceae
Lespedeza capitataRound-Headed Bush Clover,Fabaceae
Agrostis stoloniferaCreeping Bent-Grass,Poacaea
Ambrosia artemisiifoliaCommon Ragweed,Common RagweedAsteraceae
Anagallis arvensisScarlet Pimpernel,Cure-all, Shepherd’s Weather GlassPrimulaceae
Anthoxanthum odoratumSweet Vernal Grass,Poaceae
Apocynum cannabinumIndian Hemp,Amy Root, Bitter-Root, Black Indian Hemp, Bowman’s RootApocynaceae
Arctostaphylos uva-ursiBearberry,Bearsgrape, Kinnikinnick, Mealberry, Mountain Box, Sandberry, Redberry Leaves, SagackhomiEricaceae
Aster pilsusuHeath Aster,Frost AsterAsteraceae
Bromus japonicusJapanese Brome,Spreading Brome Grass, Japanese ChessPoacaea
Bromus racemosusUpright Brome,Hairy Chess, Upright ChessPoaceae
Bromus tectorumDowny Chess,Downy Chess Grass, Downy Brome GrassPoaceae
Bromus wildenowiiRescue Grass,Poaceae
Cardamine hirsutaHairy Bittercress,Brassicaceae
Carex vulpinoidea var. ambiguaYellow-Fruited Sedge,Fox Sedge, Fruited SedgeCyperaceae
Celastrus orticulatusOriental Bittersweet,Round-Leaved Bittersweet, Asiatic BittersweetCaryophyllaceae
Centaurea jaceaBrown Knapweed,Star-thistleAsteraceae
Cerastium vulgatumMouse-Ear Chickweed,Common Mouse-Ear ChickweedCaryophyllaceae
Chenopodium ambrosioidesMexican Tea,WormseedChenopodiaceae
Chrysanthemum leucanthemumOx-eye Daisy,Goldenseal, White Weed, Golden Daisy, Herb Margaret, Maudlinwort, Maudlin Daisy, Great Ox-eyeAsteraceae
Cirsium vulgareBull Thistle,Asteraceae
Comptonia peregrinaSweet Fern,Myricaceae
Conyza canadensisHorseweed,Hogweed, Bitterweed, Canada FleabaneAsteraceae
Coreopsis lanceolataLance-Leaved Coreopsis,Lady’s Breast Pin, Old Maid’s Breast PinAsteraceae
Croton glandulosusTooth-Leaved Croton,Glandular CrotonEuphorbiaceae
Cyperus retrorsusPine Barrens Cyperus,Pine Barrens Umbrella SedgeCyperaceae
Danthonia spicata Poverty Oat Grass,Common Wild OatgrassPoaceae
Dianthus armeriaDeptford Pink,Grass Pink, Wild PinkCaryophyllaceae
Digitaria sanguinalisLarge Crabgrass,Hairy Crabgrass, Finger-GrassPoaceae
Eleusine indicaGoose Grass,Yardgrass, WiregrassPoaceae
Elytrigia repensQuack-Grass,Poaceae
Eragrostis pectinaceaCarolina Lovegrass,Purple LovegrassPoaceae
Eragrostis spectabilisPurple Love Grass,Coast or Tumble Lovegrass, Petticoat-ClimberPoaceae
Erodium circutariumStorksbill,Filaree, Alfileria, Pin Clover, Hemlock GeraniumGeraniaceae
Eupatorium albumWhite Thoroughwort,Joe-Pie Weed, White Boneset, White-bracted EupatoriumAsteraceae
Eupatorium hyssopifoliumHyssop-Leaved Thoroughwort,Hyssop-Leaved Boneset, Justice WeedAsteraceae
Eupatorium pilosumRough Thoroughwort,Ragged EupatoriumAsteraceae
Eupatorium rotundifolium var. ovatumHairy Thoroughwort,Asteraceae
Eupatorium serotinumLate-Flowering Thoroughwort,Late Flowering BonesetAsteraceae
Euphorbia maculataMilk Purslane,Ground Fig, Black-Pusley, Glack Spurge, Eyebane, Emetic Weed, Blotched Spurge, Wart-WeedEuphorbiaceae
Euthamia graminifolia Some botanist include this species in the genus Salidago naming it Salidago graminifoliaLance-Leaved Goldenrod,Flat-Topped GoldenrodAsteraceae
Euthamia tenuifoliaSlender-Leaved Goldenrod,Flat Topped GoldenrodAsteraceae
Festuca rubraRed Fescue,Poaceae
Galium mollugoWild Madder,Great Hedge BedstrawRubiaceae
Glechoma hederaceaGill-over-the-Ground,Ground Ivy, Ale Gill, Alehoff, Bluebells, Cat’s-Foot, Creeping-Jenny, Run-Away-Nell, Creeping-CharlieLamiaceae
Gnaphalium obtusifoliumSweet Everlasting,Rabbit Tobacco, Ladies’ Tobacco, Cat Foot, White Everlasting, Indian-PosyAsteraceae
Hedera helixEnglish Ivy,Araliaceae
Hieracium caepitosumKing Devil,Yellow King DevilAsteraceae
Hieracium floribundumHairy Hawkweed,Hawk PlantAsteraceae
Hieracium pilosellaMouse-Ear Hawkweed,Asteraceae
Holcus lanatusVelvet Grass,Woolly Velvet grassPoaceae
Juncus tenuisPath Rush,Yard RushJuncaceae
Lactuca canadensisWild Lettuce,Strong-scented Lettuce, Green Endive, Lettuce Opium, Acrid Lettuce, Poison Lettuce, LactucariumAsteraceae
Lespedeza cuneataChinese Lespedeza,Fabaceae
Lespedeza striataJapanese Clover,Asiatic Bush Clover, Common LespedezaFabaceae
Linaria vulgarisButter-and-Eggs,Toadflax, Yellow Toadflax, Brideweed, Devil’s Flower, Hogmouth, Ladies’-Slippers, Rabbit-EarsScrophulariaceae
Lolium temulentumDarnel,Poaceae
Matricaria matricarioidesPineapple Weed,False Chamomile, Rayless ChamomileAsteraceae
Medicago lupulinaBlack Medick,NonesuchFabaceae
Melilotus albaWhite Sweet Clover,White Sweet CloverFabaceae
Myosotis micranthaBlue Scorpion-grass,Boraginaceae
Oenothera fruticosaNarrow-Leaved Sundrops,Southern SundropsOnagraceae
Panicum dichotomiflorumSpreading Panic Grass,Fall Panicgrass, Spreading WitchgrassPoaceae
Panicum virgatumSwitch Grass,Thatch Grass, Black BentPoaceae
Paspalum setaceum var. muhlengergiiBead-Grass,Poaceae
Phleum pratenseTimothy,Herd’s GrassPoaceae
Phytolacca americanaPokeweed,American Nightshade, Bear’s Grape, Crowberry, Cancer-root, Poke Berry, Jalap, PigeonberryPhytolaccaceae
Plantago lanceolataEnglish Plantain,Ribgrass, Buckhorn, Chimney-sweeps, Headman, Ribwort, Ripplegrass, Soldier’s Herb, KempPlantaginaceae
Poa annuaSpeargrass,Annual Bluegrass, Low Speargrass, Six-Weeks GrassPoaceae
Poa compressaCanada Bluegrass,English Bluegrass, Wiregrass, SpeargrassPoaceae
Polygonum arenastrumDooryard Knotweed,Many KneesPolygonaceae
Polygonum cuspidatumJapanese Knotweed,Mexican BambooPolygonaceae
Portulaca oleraceaCommon Purslane,Pig Pursley, PurslanePortulacaceae
Potentilla canadensisDwarf Cinquefoil,Canadian Cinquefoil, Five FingersRosaceae
Potentilla rectaRough-Fruited Cinquefoil,Little Powerful One, Five-Fingers, Starflower, Sulfur Cinquefoil, TormentilRosaceae
Ranunculus bulbosusBulbous Buttercup,Small frog ~ Biting Crowfoot ~ Butter-Cress ~ Gold-Knobs ~ Yellow-Weed ~ Cuckoo-BudsRanunculaceae
Rosa wichuraianaMemorial Rose,Rosaceae
Rudbeckia hirtaBlack-Eyed Susan,Yellow Daisy, Brown-Betty, Bull’s-Eye, Poor Man’s Daisy, English-Bullseye. Golden-JerusalemAsteraceae
Schizachyrium scopariumLittle Bluestem,Broom Beardgrass, Broom, Wiregrass, BunchgrassPoaceae
Scleranthus annuusKnawel,Caryophyllaceae
Senecio vulgarisCommon Groundsel,Ragwort, Birdseed, Chickenweed, Fleawort, Grinsel, PigflowerAsteraceae
Setaria faberii FAMILY: PoaceaeNodding Foxtail,Faber’s Bristlegrass, Giant FoxtailPoaceae
Setaria glaucaYellow Foxtail,Pigeongrass, Yellow Bristle GrassPoaceae
Setaria viridisGreen Foxtail,BottlegrassPoaceae
Silene latifoliaWhite Campion,White Cockle, Bladder Campion, Maiden’s TearsCaryophyllaceae
Silene latifoliaWhite Campion,White Cockle, Bladder Campion, Maiden’s TearsCaryophyllaceae
Sisymbrium altissimumTumble Mustard,Jim Hill MustardBrassicaceae
Smilax glaucaSawbrier,Wild Sarsaparilla, Glaucous GreenbrierSmilacaceae (Liliaceae)
Solanum nigrumBlack Nightshade,Deadly Nightshade, Garden Nightshade, Wonderberry, Petty-Morell, PoisonberrySolanaceae
Solidago canadensis var. scabraTall Goldenrod,Canada GoldenrodAsteraceae
Solidago odoraSweet Goldenrod,Anise-Scented Goldenrod, Blue-Mountain Tea, Bohea-Tea, Fragrant Goldenrod, Sweet-Scented Goldenrod, True GoldenrodAsteraceae
Stellaria gramineaLesser Stitchwort,English Stitchwort, Common StitchwortCaryophyllaceae
Stellaria mediaCommon Chickweed,Starwort, Indian-Chickweed, Satin-Flower, Tongue Grass, White Birdseye, WinterweedCaryophyllaceae
Tridens flavusPurpletop,Tall RedtopPoaceae
Trifolium pratenseRed Clover,Purple Cover, Trefoil, Wild CloverFabaceae
Verbascum blattariaMoth Mullein,Slippery MulleinScrophulariaceae
Verbascum thapususCommon Mullein,Flannel Plant, Aaron’s Rod, Candlewick, VelvetplantScrophulariaceae
Veronica arvensisCorn Speedwell,Wall SpeedwellScrophulariaceae
Veronica peregrinaPurslane Speedwell,Nickweed, NeckweedScrophulariaceae
Vicia augustifoliaNarrow-Leaved Vetch,Fabaceae
Viola arvensisEuropean Field Pansy,European Field PansyViolaceae
Vulpia octofloraSix-Weeks Fescue,Slender FescuePoaceae

Thicket

Latin Name Common Name Family Name
Aster racemosusSmall-Headed Aster,Asteraceae
Acer platanoidesNorway Maple,Aceraceae
Acer rubrum var. rubrum also var. trilobumRed Maple,Scarlet Maple, Swamp Maple, Water Maple, Soft Maple, White MapleAceraceae
Acer rubrum var. trilobumTrident Red Maple,Swamp Maple, Scarlet Maple, Soft MapleAceraceae
Agrostis hyemalisTicklegrass,Rough HairgrassPoaceae
Alnus glutinosaBlack Alder,European AlderBetulaceae
Aronia arbutifoliaRed Chokeberry,Rosaceae
Aronia melanocarpaBlack Chokeberry,ChokeberryRosaceae
Aster novi-belgiiNew York Aster,Asteraceae
Betula populifoliaGray Birch,Fire Birch, Oldfield Birch, Poverty Birch, Popular BirchBetulaceae
Carex umbellataUmbellate Sedge,Cyperaceae
Cetraria islandicaIceland Moss,Eryngo-Leaved Liverwort, Iceland LichenParmeliaceae
Clethra alnifoliaSweet Pepperbush,White-Alder, Coast White-Alder, SoapbushClethraceae
Gallium aparineCleavers,Spring Cleavers, Bedstraw, Goosegrass, BarweedRubiaceae
Ilex glabraInkberry,Bitter Holly, Bitter GallberryAquifoliaceae
Ilex verticillataWinterberry,Black-alderAquifoliaceae
Juncus secundusSecund Rush,Juncaceae
Kalmia augustifoliaSheep Laurel,Lambkill, Calf-kill, Pig-laurel, Sheep-poisonEricaceae
Liquidambar styracifluaSweet Gum,Red or Star-Leaved Gum, Bilsted, Sapgum, Ling, American CopalmHamamelidaceae
Lonicera MorrowiiMorrows Honeysuckle,Caprifoliaceae
Lyonia marianaStaggerbush,Ericaceae
Lysimachia QuadrifoliaWhorled Loosestrife,Crosswort, Five-Sisters, Four-Leaved Loosestrife, Liberty Tea, Wild-Tea, Yellow-BalmPrimulaceae
Lysimachia punctataGarden Loosestrife,Spotted LoosestrifePrimulaceae
Muhlenbergia schreberiNimble-Will,Wiregrass, Drop-SeedPoaceae
Onoclea sensibilisSensitive Fern,Onocleaceae
Panicum sphaerocarponRound-Fruited Panic Grass,Poaceae
Paspalum setaceum var. psammophilumProstrate Bead-Grass,Slender PapalumPoaceae
Polygala cruciataCross-Leaved Milkwort,DrumheadsPolygalaceae
Polygala verticillataWhorled Milkwort,Polygalaceae
Populus albaWhite Poplar,Silver Leaved PoplarSalicaceae
Populus nigraBlack Poplar,Willow Poplar, Lombardy PoplarSalicaceae
Potentilla simplexCommon Cinquefoil,Old-field Cinquefoil, Decumbent Five-FingersRosaceae
Prunus SerotinaWild Black Cherry,Rum Cherry, Choke CherryRosaceae
Prunus maritimaBeach Plum,SandplumRosaceae
Quercus ilicifoliaScrub Oak,Bear Oak, Ground Oak, Barren OakFagaceae
Quercus marilandicaBlackjack Oak,Scrub Oak, Jack OakFagaceae
Rosa palustrisSwamp Rose,Rosaceae
Rosa virginianaVirginia Rose,Low or Pasture Rose, Glossy RosRosaceae
Rubus argutusTall Blackberry,Thimbleberry, Southern BlackberryRosaceae
Sassafras albidumSassafras,Saxifraxtree, Sassafac, AguetreeLauraceae
Smilax rotundifoliaCommon Greenbrier,Cat Brier, Devil’s-Clothesline, Hell-Ropes, Bull Brier, Horse Brier, Round-Leaved GreenbrierSmilacaceae
Solanum dulcamaraBittersweet Nightshade,Bittersweet, Purple Nightshade, Blue BindweedSolanaceae
Ulmus parvifoliaChinese Elm,Lace Bark Elm, Evergreen ElmUlmaceae
Vaccinium atrococcum -- Some botanists frequently consider atrococcum as a variety of V. corymbosumBlack Blueberry,Black Highbush BlueberryEricaceae
Vaccinium corymbosumHighbush Blueberry,Ericaceae
Vaccium pallidumLow Bush Blueberry,Upland Low BlueberryEricaceae
Veronica serpyllifoliaThyme-Leaved Speedwell,Smooth Speedwell, Spiked SpeedwellScrophulariaceae
Viola lanceolataStrap-Leaved Violet,Water VioletViolaceae

Primary Dune

Latin Name Common Name Family Name
Ligustrum obtusifoliumPrivet,Ibotra privetOleaceae
Arabidopsis thalianaMouse-Ear Cress,Brassicaceae
Asclepias syriacaCommon Milkweed,SilkweedAscelepiadaceae
Carex kobomugiJapanese Sedge,Cyperaceae
Cladium mariscoides Twig Rush,Water Bog RushCyperaceae
Digitaria ischaemumSmooth Crabgrass,Small CrabgrassPoaceae
Euphorbia polygonifoliaSeaside spurge,Euphorbiaceae
Fimbristylis autumnalisAutumn Fimbristylis,Slender FimbristylisCyperaceae
Froelichia gracilisCottonweed,Slender CottonweedAmaranthaceae
Hemerocallis fulvaDay Lily,Common Orange Day LilyLilaceae
Hieracium floribundumGlaucous Hawkweed,Smooth Toothed Hawkweed, Smoothish HawkweedAsterasceae
Hypochoeris radicataCat’s Ear,Asteraceae
Juncus bufoniusToad Rush,Frog Rush, Coe GrassJuncaceae
Lamium amplexicauleHenbit,Dead-NettleLamiaceae
Limonium carolinianumSea Lavender,Marsh Rosemary, Statice, American-Thrift, Canker-Root, Ink-Root, Lavender-Thrift, Seaside-ThriftPlumbaginaceae
Magnolia virginianaSweet Bay,Laurel Magnolia, Swamp Magnolia, Swampbay, White-Laurel, Southern Sweetbay, Beaver TreeMagnoliaceae
Nyssa sylvaticaSour Gum,Blackgum, Blacktupelo, Pepperidge, Swamp BlackgumCornaceae
Oenothera biennisEvening Primrose,Fever Plant, King’s Cureall, Night Willow-herb, Scabish, Sun dropOnagraceae
Oxalis corniculataCreeping Yellow Wood Sorrel,Creeping Lady’s SorrelOxalidaceae
Pinus echinataShortleaf Pine,Yellow Pine, Long-TagPinaceae
Pinus thunbergiiJapanese Black Pine, Japanese Beach PinePinaceae
Plantago aristataBracted Plantain,BuckhornPlantaginaceae
Poa pratensisKentucky Bluegrass,June Grass, SpeargrassPoaceae
Quercus x subfalcata (natural hybrid)Subfalcate Oak,Fagaceae
Sabatia stellarisMarsh Pink,Sea Pink, Salt Marsh Pink, BitterbloomGentianaceae
Sambucus canadensisCommon Elder,Elderberry, American ElderberryCaprifoliaceae
Solidago sempervirensSeaside Goldenrod,Yellow WeedAsteraceae
Taraxacum officinaleCommon Dandelion,Blowball, Cankerwort, Lion’s Tooth, Priest’s Crown, Swine Snout, Wild EndiveAsteraceae

Freshwater Wetlands

Latin Name Common Name Family Name
Agalinis purpureaPurple Gerardia,Scrophulariaceae
Asclepias incarnataSwamp Milkweed,Swamp Silkweed, Rose-colored SilkweedAscelepiadaceae
Bartonia paniculata Climbing Bartonia,Twining Bartonia, Screw StemGentianaceae
Calamagrostis cinnoides Pine Barrens Reed Grass,Nuttall’s Reed GrassPoaceae
Carex albolutescensGreenish-White Sedge,Cyperaceae
Cephalantus occidentalisButtonweed,Honey BallsRubiaceae
Cephalantus occidentalisButtonbush,Honey BallsRubiaceae
Eupatorium perfoliatumBoneset,Augewee, Crosswort, Feverwort, Indian Sage, Sweating Plant, Teasel, Thoroughwort, Vegetable AntimonyAsteraceae
Hibiscus moscheutosRose-Mallow,Crimson-Eyed Rose-Mallow, Breast-Root, Mallow-Rose, Marsh Hibiscus, Marsh-Mallow, Muskplant, Sea-Hollyhock, Swamp-Mallow, Swamp-Rose, Water-Mallow, Wild-CottonMalvaceae
Juncus biflorusLarge Grass-Leaved Rush,Juncaceae
Juncus dichotomusForked Rush,Juncaceae
Juncus marginatusGrass-Leaved Rush,Juncaceae
Juncus pelocarpusBrown-Fruited Rush,Juncaceae
Lemna minor Little Duckweed,Water LentilsLemnaceae
Lycopus americanusCut-leaved Water Horehound,Gypsywort, Wolf Foot, Bitter-Bugle, Rattlesnake-WeedLamiaceae
Lycopus amplectensSessile-Leaved Water Horehound,Lamiaceae
Lycopus uniflorusNorthern Water-Horehound,Common Water-Horehound, Northern BugleweedLamiaceae
Lysimachia terrestrisYellow Loosestrife,Primulacea
Osmunda regalisRoyal Fern,Osmundaceae
Polygonum punctatum Dotted Smartweed,Polygonaceae
Proserpinaca palustris Common Mermaid-Weed,Water-Milfoil, Marsh Mermaid-WeedHaloragaceae
Samolus parviflorus Water Pimpernel,BrookweedPrimulaceae
Scirpus cyperinusWoolgrass,Cyperaceae
Sisyrinchium atlanticumEastern Blue-Eyed Grass,Iridaceae
Spartina pectinataPrairie Cordgrass,Fresh-water Cordgrass, Slough Cordgrass, RipgutPoaceae
Thelypteris palustris Marsh Fern,Snuff Box Fern, Shield FernThelpteridaceae
Vaccinium macrocarponLarge Cranberry,American Cranberry, Bearberry, BankberryEricaceae
Woodwardia aerolataNetted Chain Fern,Dwarf Chain FernBlechnaceae
Xyris torta Slender Yellow-Eyed Grass,Xyridaceae