Pineapple Weed

Pineapple WeedThis large family (Asteraceae), commonly called the Aster Family, consists of 1,314 genera and 21,000 species of herbs, shrubs, climbers and a few trees is found chiefly in temperate and subtropical regions.  The plants are of value to man as ornamentals; a few are insecticides and fish poisons. The fresh or dried flowers make a pale golden pineapple-scented tea. Native Americans used a leaf infusion (medicine prepared by steeping flower or leaves in a liquid without boiling) for stomach gas pains and as a laxative. A decoction (medicine prepared by boiling thick parts of a plant; ingested hot or cold) was a tonic used for fever, indigestion, colds, “the heart”, and for convulsions in infants.  A dried-seed head decoction was taken for colds and indigestion.  The plant was used as a  fragrance in the steambath.

OtherCommonName:

False Chamomile, Rayless Chamomile

ScientificName:

Matricaria matricarioides

Community:

Edge

PlantStatus:

Naturalized

LifeSpan:

Perennial

PlantHeight:

6 to 18 inches

FruitingTime:

Late May to late October

Distribution:

Scattered statewide in NJ

FloweringTime:

Late April to October

IdentifyingCharacteristics:

A low inconspicuous plant resembling Wild Chamomile ~ Leaves are alternate and finely cut ~ Flowerheads are cone-shaped, greenish-yellow and smell of pineapple