Little Duckweed

Little_Duckweed_jpgThis family Lemnaceae is commonly called the Duckweed family.  Little Duckweed is the smallest known flowering plant.  It floats on top of water which is sheltered from wind and forms a green blanket.  One “root” dangles in the water from each plant.  New individuals grow from old ones. Little Duckweed provides food for water fowl.

OtherCommonName:

Water Lentils

ScientificName:

Lemna minor

Community:

Freshwater Wetlands

PlantStatus:

Native

LifeSpan:

Perennial

PlantHeight:

Floats on water

FruitingTime:

June to August

Distribution:

Nova Scotia to Florida ~ Statewide in New Jersey outside the Pine Barrens

FloweringTime:

Late May to July

IdentifyingCharacteristics:

Plant found in groups of 3 to 5 ~ Thallus (plant body not clearly identified into roots, stems and leaves) round to elliptical or oval, nearly symmetrical, thinner at center, very small (1/10 to 1/5 inch long) ~ antrocyanic (chemical class of water-soluble pigments ranging in color from blue or violet through purple to crimson) ~ Flowers in pouches