King Devil

King DevilThis large family (Asteraceae), commonly called the Aster Family, consists of 1,314 genera and 21,000 species of herbs, shrubs, climbers and a few trees is found chiefly in temperate and subtropical regions.  The plants are of value to man as ornamentals; a few are insecticides and fish poisons. The genus Hieracium is from the Greek hierax meaning “hawk”.  It was reported that hawks ate the plants in this genus to sharpen their eyesight. Other plants in this genus have medicinal value.  Ancient people used these plants to treat stomach aliments and applied a preparation to the skin for inflammations. The root was reported to help the bite of a scorpion, if applied to the puncture. Rattlesnake-Weed (Hieracium venosum) was considered by Native Americans to been an infallible cure for the bite of rattle-snakes.  They chewed the leaves and applied them to the wound. Upland game birds, small mammals and browsers (deer, for example) eat the leaves and seeds of the plants in this genus.

OtherCommonName:

Yellow King Devil

ScientificName:

Hieracium caepitosum

Community:

Edge

PlantStatus:

Introduced from Europe

LifeSpan:

Perennial

PlantHeight:

10 to 36 inches

FruitingTime:

July to late October

Distribution:

Nova Scotia to Georgia & west to Tennessee ~ weed in disturbed habitats on the east coast of Canada and USA

FloweringTime:

May to September

IdentifyingCharacteristics:

Short rhizomes ~ Leaves basal, narrow, elliptical ~ Flower blackish in groups of 5 to 30