Japanese Brome

Japanese_Brome_jpgThis genus Bromus is the Greek name for Oat.  The species japonicusmeans “of Japan”. Thirty-six bromegrasses, or bromes, are found in the United States, about one-half the number in the world.  The species is best represented in the Far West on the open ranges. The good sized seeds of Japanese Brome are eaten by many birds and rodents.  The leaves or other parts of the plant are consumed by hoofed browsers (deer, antelope, elk etc), especially while the plants are young. The plant is a weed of waste ground and stream sides.

OtherCommonName:

Spreading Brome Grass, Japanese Chess

ScientificName:

Bromus japonicus

Community:

Edge

PlantStatus:

Naturalized from Europe and Asia

LifeSpan:

Annual

PlantHeight:

6 to 40 inches

FruitingTime:

Early May to late August, mostly in June

Distribution:

New Hampshire to Georgia ~ Throughout Coastal Plain outside the Pine Barrens in New Jersey

FloweringTime:

Early May to late August, mostly in June

IdentifyingCharacteristics:

Spikelet with several flowers up to 15 inches long ~ Drooping branches, hairy