Iceland Moss

Iceland_Moss_jpgIceland Moss, like all lichens, is a non-vascular plant. Iceland Moss contains mucilage, bitter lichen acids, some iodine and traces of vitamin A.  It has demulcent, anti-inflammatory, ant emetic, relaxing expectorant, galactagogue, tonic, and nutritive properties. A decoction (simmer plant in hot water to dissolve pharmacologically active constituent) or a tincture (soak plant in alcohol to dissolve active constituent) of the whole plant has been used to treat numerous respiratory ailments including coughs and bronchitis.  It has also been used to treat gastritis, dyspepsia and vomiting. The nutritive qualitative contribute to the treatment of malnourishment, debility, and anorexia.

OtherCommonName:

Eryngo-Leaved Liverwort, Iceland Lichen

ScientificName:

Cetraria islandica

Community:

Thicket

PlantStatus:

Naturalized

LifeSpan:

Perennial

PlantHeight:

up to 3 inches

FruitingTime:

none

Distribution:

Artic south to northern USA

FloweringTime:

none

IdentifyingCharacteristics:

Yellow-green lichen growing in undulated leathery tufts ~ This branched thalli fringed with minute papillae ~ Undersurface paler than the upper surface, covered with depressed white spots