Glaucous Hawkweed

Glaucous_Hawkweed_jpgThis large family (Asteraceae), commonly called the Aster Family, consists of 1,314 genera and 21,000 species of herbs, shrubs, climbers and a few trees is found chiefly in temperate and subtropical regions.  The plants are of value to man as ornamentals; a few are insecticides and fish poisons. Hawkweed comes from the Greek hierax meaning “hawk”’ Pliny reported that hawks ate the plant to sharpen their eyesight.  The common name “glaucous” means grayish green or blueish green and comes from the Latin glaucus or the Greek glaukos meaning “gleaming, bluish green or gray”. Glaucous Hawkweed can be found in meadows, roadsides and fields. Another plant in the genus, Rattlesnake-Weed (Hieracium venosum) was considered by Native Americans to been an infallible cure for the bite of rattle-snakes.  They chewed the leaves and applied them to the wound.

OtherCommonName:

Smooth Toothed Hawkweed, Smoothish Hawkweed

ScientificName:

Hieracium floribundum

Community:

Primary Dune

PlantStatus:

Native

LifeSpan:

Perennial

PlantHeight:

8 to 24 inches

FruitingTime:

Distribution:

Maine to New Jersey and Pennsylvania ~ Most common in Northern New Jersey ~ Often a weed

FloweringTime:

June to late July

IdentifyingCharacteristics:

Leaves, basal and on stem, smooth on upper side, gray green or blue green ~ Flower whitish, flower stalk has glands and hairs ~ Long rhizome