Garden Loosestrife

Garden_Loosestrife_jpgThis family (Primulaceae) commonly called the Primrose family consists of 22 genera and 800 species of herbs and half-shrubs found chiefly in temperate and cold regions of the Northern Hemisphere and in tropical mountains.  Some species are ornamentals, including species of Primula andCyclamen.  Most Cyclamens grown in pots are cultivars of Cyclamen persicum (“of Persia”).  The name Primrose is from the Middle English primerose, from Medieval Latin prim rosa (first rose). This genus of plants, (Lysimachia), took their name from a capacity to appease the strife and unruliness of oxen at the plough.  When these plants were placed on the yokes, the animals remain calm.  The name Lysimachia is derived from either lusimakhos, “ending strife” or Lysimakhos, king of Thrace.

OtherCommonName:

Spotted Loosestrife

ScientificName:

Lysimachia punctata

Community:

Thicket

PlantStatus:

Introduced from Eurasia

LifeSpan:

PlantHeight:

3 feet

FruitingTime:

Distribution:

New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania in the USA ~ Cape May, Atlantic and Ocean Counties in New Jersey

FloweringTime:

June to September

IdentifyingCharacteristics:

Erect, rarely branched ~ Stoloniform rhizomes ~ Leaves mostly whorls of 3 or 4, occasionally opposite, lance shaped, to 4 inches long, uppermost leaves shorter ~ Flowers in axils, spreading, short tube-like, yellow or white, dots or lines