European Field Pansy

European_Field_Pansy_jpgThis family (Violaceae) commonly called the Violet Family consists of 23 genera and 830 species of herbs, shrubs, lianas and small trees.  Some species are cultivated for their oils which are used in flavorings and to make scents. Pansy is from the French name pensee meaning “thought”.

OtherCommonName:

European Field Pansy

ScientificName:

Viola arvensis

Community:

Edge

PlantStatus:

Naturalized from Europe

LifeSpan:

Perennial

PlantHeight:

to 18 inches

FruitingTime:

June to September

Distribution:

Canada to Virginia ~ In NJ, on Piedmont, the Coastal Plain and in Cape May County

FloweringTime:

Late April to late July

IdentifyingCharacteristics:

Leaves are simple and alternate, variable with the lowest oval and upper elliptical ~ Flowers pale yellow pedals ~ Fruits capsules