Deptford Pink

Deptford_Pink_jpgThis family (Caryophyllaceae) commonly called the Pink or Carnation Family consists of 89 genera and 2,070 species of herbs, shrubs and a few trees found in temperate and warm climates.  Latin caryophlum means “a clove” alluding to the clove-like scent to some carnations. The genus (Dianthus) of Deptford Pink means “God’s flower” from  the Latin dios “of Zeus” and anthos for flower. In 1633 Gerard wrote “There is a little wilde creeping Pinke, which growth in our pastures neere about London, and in other places, but especially in the great field next to Deptford, by the path side as you go from Redriffe to Greenwich”. Today Deptford Pink is a weed of open ground, roadsides, fields, waste ground and bluffs.  It is a very common weed in many habitats.  Plants in this genus have some medicinal uses and the petals have been used to color cosmetics.

OtherCommonName:

Grass Pink, Wild Pink

ScientificName:

Dianthus armeria

Community:

Edge

PlantStatus:

Naturalized from Europe

LifeSpan:

Annual or biennial

PlantHeight:

8 to 24 inches

FruitingTime:

June to October

Distribution:

Quebec to Florida ~ Statewide in New Jersey

FloweringTime:

Late May to late September

IdentifyingCharacteristics:

Basal leaves basal, numerous, lance shaped, upper leaves linear ~ Flowers in groups, often surpassed by slender erect bract, pink or rose colored dotted with white