Cut-leaved Water Horehound

Cut-leaved_Water_Horehound_jpgThis family of plants (Lamiaceae), commonly called the mint family, has 221 genera and 5.600 species of herbs, shrubs and a few trees.  It is a preeminent family of culinary and medical herbs including lavender, rosemary, sage, thyme, mint, balm, marjoram, savory and basil. Native Americans used Cut-leaved Water Horehound in a compound medication for stomach cramps. In the late 1800s, the herb was said to be an antidote for rattlesnake bites.

OtherCommonName:

Gypsywort, Wolf Foot, Bitter-Bugle, Rattlesnake-Weed

ScientificName:

Lycopus americanus

Community:

Freshwater Wetlands

PlantStatus:

Native

LifeSpan:

Perennial

PlantHeight:

1 to 2 feet

FruitingTime:

August to November

Distribution:

Newfoundland to Florida. In NJ, statewide outside the central Pine Barrens; most abundant on the coast.

FloweringTime:

Early July to October

IdentifyingCharacteristics:

Leaves are opposite, with upper leaves toothed and lower leaves lobed oaklike ~  White flowers in axillary whorls