Black Chokeberry

Black_Chokeberry_jpgThis family (Rosaceae) commonly called the Rose Family consists of 2000 species of trees, shrubs, and herbs worldwide;  approximately 77 native and 9 naturalized tree species in North America. Members of this family include serviceberries, hawthorns, apples, plums, cherries and mountain-ashes. This species (melanocarpa) is named for the color of the fruit (melano: black; carpa: fruit). The fruit is grown commercially in Europe and processed into juice.  Aronia juice from fruit grown in Poland is available in the US as Aronia Berry Juice Cocktail, Aronia Berry, Inc., San Francisco, CA.  The wild fruit in the U.S. has too many seed and little pulp to eat.

OtherCommonName:

Chokeberry

ScientificName:

Aronia melanocarpa

Community:

Thicket

PlantStatus:

Native

LifeSpan:

Perennial

PlantHeight:

to 5 feet

FruitingTime:

July to October

Distribution:

Newfoundland to Alabama, west to Iowa

FloweringTime:

Late April to June

IdentifyingCharacteristics:

Deciduous shrub ~ Leaves 1 to 3 inches long, obovate, finely serrated, glossy green above and lighter below, fall color from red to purple-black ~ Flowers white, 10-20 per cluster, about 1/2 inch long ~ Fruit, pea size, glossy black ripen in early fall